- Proper Noun.
- Common Noun.
- Abstract Noun.
- Concrete Noun.
- Countable Noun.
- Non-countable Noun.
- Collective Noun.
- Compound Noun.
A common noun is a name for something that is common to many different things, people, or places. It refers to a specific type of thing, person, or location.
A proper noun is a name that refers to a single person, place, or thing and does not have a common name. Proper nouns in written English always begin with capital letters.
An abstract noun is a word that refers to something that cannot be seen but is present. It does not have a physical existence. It generally refers to concepts, qualities, and conditions.
For instance, truth, lies, happiness, sorrow, time, friendship, humour, patriotism, and so on.
A concrete noun is the inverse of an abstract noun. It refers to things that we can see and have a physical existence.
For instance, a chair, a table, a bat, a ball, water, money, sugar, and so on.
Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted. Countable nouns can be followed by an article: a, an, the.
Chair, table, bat, ball, and so on (you can say 1 chair, 2 chairs, 3 chairs – chairs are countable).
Non-countable nouns are nouns that cannot be counted.
Water, sugar, oil, salt, and so on (you can’t say “1 water, 2 water, 3 water” because water isn’t countable).
A collective noun is a word that refers to a group of things, people, or animals, for example.
As an example, consider the following: family, team, jury, cattle, and so on.
Collective nouns can be singular or plural. On the other hand, Americans prefer to use collective nouns as singular, but both usages are correct in other parts of the world.